Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
and Cognitive Therapy in Toronto
Cognitive behavioural therapy, also known as CBT or cognitive therapy, is a type of therapy that focuses on the relationships and connections between your thoughts, your feelings and your behaviour.
Although in cognitive behavioural therapy we recognize that factors from the past may contribute to the development of the issues you’re dealing with, rather than focusing on your past, the emphasis in CBT is on what's going on in your life in the present.
Cognitive behavioural therapy helps you make lasting changes that improve your current situation, make it less likely that problems return in the future, and give you strategies to deal with any issues that do recur and any new challenges you may face.
How Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
(CBT) and Cognitive Therapy Can Help
Cognitive behavioural therapy is based on the notion that our thoughts, behaviours, emotions and physical reactions are closely connected. What goes on in each one of these areas also affects the others. (For
a more in-depth explanation please read my blog post about CBT
When there are difficulties or negative changes in one of these realms, it tends to have a negative effect on the others, creating a vicious cycle that makes you feel worse.
But positive changes in any one of these realms tend to have a positive affect on the others, reversing the cycle and helping you feel better.
In CBT and cognitive therapy, we explore each of these areas, focusing on the cognitive (your thoughts) and the behavioural (your actions), for ways in which you can make positive changes that will reduce whatever pain or struggles you're experiencing and lead to positive changes in the other areas as well.
Cognitive behavioural therapy gives you concrete tools and strategies to deal with the difficulties you're going through so you can start feeling better and living a more satisfying life.
- CBT helps you identify and re-evaluate negative thoughts, beliefs and patterns of thinking.
- CBT teaches you to be more assertive, and more effective in communicating, making decisions, solving problems, and planning and achieving goals.
- CBT helps you change unhelpful behaviours that contribute to issues such as depression, anxiety and stress.
- CBT helps you tolerate emotional distress better, calm yourself and your emotions, and transform overwhelming negative emotions into more manageable feelings.
- CBT teaches you to respond to uncomfortable physical reactions and sensations in ways that help diminish them.
- CBT helps you pursue interests and activities that support and nurture your values and promote a more rewarding life.
Cognitive behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy are empirically supported, evidence-based practices. This means studies have found cognitive behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy to be effective in treating a number of issues including depression, anxiety, stress, trauma and anger. According to the Society of Clinical Psychology
, cognitive behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy are the type of therapy with the most empirical support.
I'm a Toronto therapist who specializes in cognitive and cognitive behavioural therapy. You can read more about cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy
on my blog, where you'll also find posts about CBT for Depression
and CBT for Anxiety